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Type 2 Diabetes – Non-Insulin Dependent

Type 2 Diabetes is defined by the inability of the body to process glucose, even though the body is still producing insulin on its own.

Although there are no known causes for Type 2 Diabetes, there are several risk factors that should not be ignored.

The population with the highest risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes includes people who are:

  • Obese
  • Sedentary (“Couch Potato”)
  • Hispanic
  • African-American
  • Native American
  • Asian Pacific Islander 
  • Alaska Native 

Genetics also play a major role

 ➡ If you have a family history of diabetes, such as a mom, dad, brother or sister (immediate family), you are more likely to develop it.

 ➡ People who have been diagnosed with glucose intolerance or insulin resistance also have a higher chance of developing this form of Diabetes.

type-2-Diabetes-SymptomsSymptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

There are a number of symptoms to look for. However, They are mostly a mild version of those found with Type I Diabetes, so they often go unnoticed until real damage has been done.

If you have any risk factors, no matter how mild they are and even if they’re not causing you a lot of trouble, it’s important to be assessed and tested by your physician.

Watch for these symptoms carefully: 

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Wounds that won’t heal
  • Nerve pain or tingling feet

If you experience any of these symptoms, don’t delay your trip to the doctor to get checked out.


If you’re over the age of 45, you’re more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes, if the risk factors are present. However, even if you don’t, be sure to start getting tested for Diabetes every year at your regular doctor’s visits. It’s a simple test and one you’ll be glad you got.

All you need to do is a fasting blood glucose test. No eating for eight hours before the blood test, and you’re good to go.

If your blood sugar shows a problem, you may need to do other tests, but nothing too invasive.


Each patient is different so it’s hard to say what your specific treatment regimen will be. But, it will include lifestyle changes and potentially, oral medication. The best thing you can do is listen to your doctor.

Unlike with Type 1, which is a genetic condition, with Type 2 Diabetes you have the opportunity to make a complete change of lifestyle, improving your diet, as well as finding an exercise regimen that works with your life, all of which have the potential to reverse the disease and raise your quality of life.

Seek the help of your physician. Talk to him or her about going with the needed lifestyle changes, instead of going straight to taking insulin.

 ➡ Ask for a referral to a Certified Diabetes Educator who will take as much time as you need with you until you’re comfortable with your progress.

It’s worth a try instead of being limited by having to check your glucose level several times each day and giving yourself insulin injections. 

Type 2 Diabetes is treatable and with the help of the right diet along with a healthy amount of exercise, you can reverse your disease – possibly becoming healthier than ever before, avoid the cardiac risks associated with it and extend your life.