During the honeymoon phase of Type 1 Diabetes, right after the initial diagnosis and when your insulin treatment starts, all is good.
In fact, your blood sugar can stay at near-normal levels, and your symptoms related to the diabetes disappear.
Type 1 Diabetes is the result of an immune attack against the pancreas, the organ that produces insulin.
➡ When the initial diagnosis is made, some of the insulin-producing cells in the body are still functioning.
➡ Since the cells are doing their jobs, the body continues to have some ability to produce insulin on its own, which leads to needing the synthetic insulin less.
Some people even manage to come off the synthetic insulin temporarily.
➡ The honeymoon phase of Type 1 Diabetes can last from a few weeks to several months but it will eventually end.
There is no standard time for the honeymoon phase to last, and no guarantee that every person with Type 1 Diabetes will even go through one. Additionally, some people may experience this period differently and for different lengths of time.
Typically, however, the honeymoon phase of Type 1 Diabetes takes place during the first 3 months after the initial diagnosis.
➡ The immune system will continue to attack the pancreas and kill off the remaining insulin-producing cells in the body over a period of weeks, to as long as a year or more.
➡ As more insulin-producing cells die, the honeymoon period comes to an end.
There will not be another honeymoon period after that and the person will become fully dependent on external insulin.
Blood sugar levels during the honeymoon period
Normal blood sugar levels, or plasma blood glucose readings, for people with diabetes, are:
- After fasting: 70–130
- After meals: Less than 180
- At bedtime: 90–150
During the honeymoon period, the Type 1 diabetic may see thesenormal blood sugar readings regularly while taking little or no prescribed insulin.
Over time, however, the numbers will start to rise, which will signal that the remaining insulin-producing cells are no longer functioning. At this point, synthetic insulin will be prescribed, either by injections, insulin pre-loaded pens or with the use of an insulin pump.
Diabetes management during the honeymoon period
➡ It is vital for a person to work with their doctor and a Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) to determine the right amount of insulin, during this time.
There is currently no cure for Type 1 Diabetes.
➡ Once the honeymoon period ends, the Type 1 diabetic will need to take insulin for the rest of their life.
Following the prescribed treatment for Type 1 Diabetes and managing blood sugar levels can help the diabetic avoid some of the serious complications that can occur with diabetes, including:
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If the Type 1 diabetic manages their blood sugar well, they can live a healthy and active life.
While some people may experience a reduction in their Type 2 Diabetes symptoms after their initial diagnosis, it’s not the same as the Type 1 honeymoon phase.
➡ During this initial period (called Pre-diabetes) and after the official Type 2 diagnosis, doctors will advise the patient to modify their diet and lifestyle. This will always include getting regular exercise and eating a healthful diet.
These two lifestyle changes alone can lower a person’s blood glucose levels, if followed consistently, reducing the amount of insulin they’ll need.